CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE
Climate change has been a slow yet steadily approaching phenomenon that has finally taken its shape and form to much extent; globally. Agriculture, fisheries and livestock are among the highly affected sectors since they depend entirely on temperature, moisture level, atmosphere and ecology. The crop yields in Africa and USA are already on a decline while other parts of the world are fearing the impact to hit them sooner.
Farming therefore has become a challenging task today and adaptation is therefore the only solution to embrace. Exploring new crop varieties, irrigation methods, crop diversification and using advanced technological methods are some of the adaptation methods required to support precision agriculture to cope with the growing challenges.
Precision Agriculture and Satellite imaging Technology like every other field has greatly affected the agriculture sector. Farmers had to resort to technologies like satellite imaging for precise soil and environmental analysis before
they plan their planting. It was a costly technique and entailed time lag in the transfer of
information. The introduction of UAV or the drone technology for precision agriculture recently
imparted a new dimension to our age-old agriculture techniques.
How UAV is helpful for modern farming?
Drones or UAV have been around for over two decades now.
However, their usability in the agriculture sector has recently
been discovered. Some important benefits this technology has
imparted to agriculture are as follows:
Reduced farming cost
Reduced manual effort
Precise and real-time information
Easy identification of problem areas
Effective management of bigger farm lands
Efficient time management
UAV applications in Precision Agriculture
UAV or Drones are GPS guided and connected with the satellite. They have been revealed to help in the collection and analysis of geospatial data facilitating precision agriculture. This includes the following benefits:
High resolution imagery and mapping for crops: Drones help determine the height and depth of the land, and surveying the biomass output.
Crop health and monitoring: drones provide data regarding fertilizer usage, weed identification, crop growth, pruning, and spacing metrics, spray distribution etc.
Soil analysis: A detailed soil assessment is provided through the drones including, nitrogen level, temperature, moisture, slope, elevation etc.
Pre and Post-harvest inspection: Drones provide a holistic approach to the pre and post-harvest land inspection, yield prediction and management.
Flood and droughts: Drones provide accurate prediction data regarding flood or droughts.
Irrigation examination: UAV helps examine and map your irrigation processes.
planning.Thermal imaging: Thermal imaging data counters for temperature levels and field water
Insurance claims: In case of a loss, insurance documentation can be facilitated through the UAVs.
Use of UAV for precision agriculture is the need of time. It is one of the crucial steps, to make vital farming decisions regarding forecasting, planting, irrigation or harvest. Standing on the threshold of an impending horror, we need to realize sooner than later how we may tackle the unruly phenomenon of climate change in order to reduce its impact on human life, and adopting advanced technologies is our only resort.